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Class Activity: Art History 2/14-3/7/13

posted Mar 4, 2013, 2:04 PM by Rhonda Schlosser   [ updated Oct 27, 2014, 7:34 PM by Laurie Becker ]
February 14-March 7:  Throughout the next 3-4 weeks, we will be talking about  (primarily European) History between the years of 800-1600.  History concepts will weave in and out through these centuries, emphasizing themes that affect changes in history; Politics, Religion, Technology, Trade, Agriculture, Cultural and Social perspectives/ways of thinking.

The Goals of this class is for the students to:
  • Understand how History is Reflected in Art
  • To expand their knowledge of Themes that affect History
  • To reflect on their own knowledge, to share and to ask questions to help direct their next level of understanding
  • To practice Note Taking Skills (using their take on the Cornell Note system)  


HISTORICAL ELEMENTS that led up to or impacted High Renaissance
  • Charlemagne “Founder of Europe”   On December 25, 800, Charlemagne was crowned Emperor of the Romans by pope Leo III. revived learning in Western Europe, he codified laws, and fostered scholarship by theologians. He protected the Church, and especially the popes. He made large numbers of his conquered enemies convert from paganism to Christianity. He fostered the arts and architecture. He stabilized currency, and unified Countries in Western Europe. His country was the largest in the history of Western Europe after the fall of the West Roman Empire.
  • What was the Magna Carta (signed by King John in 1215) and why was it important?
  • Black Death (1347)  Reduced population by close to ½ in many countries.  stopped trade, brought about fear, famine, and depopulation, increased isolationism
  • The 3 Field System and the plow:  How did these benefit the countries, and changes history?
  • Crusades: 800-1500, one of the benefits was that it opened up Europe to trade and cultural exchange again, the negatives were terror and destruction.   Jerusalem was shared peacefully between the Muslims and Christians until 1076 when the Turks took over, ransacking and killing non Muslim population.
  • Ottoman Turks
  • Role of Italy: Strong Roman infrastructure, well placed for trade, city-state of Rome center of Catholic Religion
  • Role of the Popes / Christianity
  • Sack of Rome,  (1527) and Charles V:  “On May 6, 1527, mutinous troops of Charles V, head of the Holy Roman Empire — which is sometimes described as neither holy, Roman nor an empire — surpassed the horrors of earlier barbarian invasions. Churches and palaces were looted, nuns assaulted and citizens tortured and killed.

At the Vatican, the Swiss Guard was almost completely wiped out defending St. Peter's Basilica, fighting on the steps of the high altar.” (e)

  • City States (of Rome, Venice, Florence..and how they were different from each other.)
  • Invention of the Printing Press
  • Martin Luther and his 94 Theses | The Reluctant Revolutionary  

“ Few if any men have changed the course of history like Martin Luther. In less than ten years, this fevered German monk plunged a knife into the heart of an empire that had ruled for a thousand years, and set in motion a train of revolution, war and conflict that would reshape Western civilization, and lift it out of the Dark Ages.” (f)